The most famous and controversial spy of World War One was a Dutch woman Margaretha Geertruida Zelle McLeod, popularly known as Mata Hari, who portrayed herself as an exotic dancer. Though many myths and legends have been circulated surrounding her past, Mata Hari was a courtesan. However, she had invented an identity as an exotic dancer from India. She was shot by the French as a spy on October 15, 1917. In 1931 a film loosely based on the life of Mata Hari starred Greta Garbo and popularized her legend.